What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health - Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health | Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News

What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health

Did you know that  maltitol is a sweetener widely used in the production of cakes, sweets and candied products? Their use in fact is much a...

Did you know that  maltitol is a sweetener widely used in the production of cakes, sweets and candied products? Their use in fact is much aided in bakeries as in confectionery, mainly when they are  made sweet without sugar or prepared for diabetics .

As an additive it is known as  E 965 i  (maltitol) or  E 965 ii  (maltitol syrup), and is known precisely as the sweetener of volume or of filler, since it has the same volume as sucrose. However, unlike this, it actually brings half the calories.

What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health

What is maltitol?

The  maltitol is a  sweetener used as a substitute for sucrose , the traditional common sugar (also commonly known as table sugar, that is, the usual white sugar). It is also called  polyol because it consists of a sugar alcohol.

That is, we are faced with a sweetener that is synthesized from the hydrogenation of maltose that is obtained from starch. It is very similar to sucrose, becoming a quality sweetener because it can be used without the need to have to be mixed with others, compared to other sugar alcohols.

It is part of the family of sweeteners known as  sugar alcohols or  polyols . Moreover, it is usually used in the manufacture of sweets and cakes because it does not affect the taste of the products, besides being well tolerated by people with diabetes.

This is why we find it mainly in products that are originally sweet but without sugar and specially prepared for diabetics.

Why is it used in sugar-free and diabetic candy?

It is a sweetener that can usually be found in sweets and cakes without sugar, and especially in those made specifically for people with diabetes. Why? Fundamentally because  it is a well tolerated sweetener for diabetics as it tends to be absorbed slowly, which means that both blood glucose and blood insulin levels are significantly reduced compared to another sweetener.

What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health

On the other hand it is a sweetener with a low caloric value ; Specifically it contributes half of calories than the common sugar, so that it becomes an interesting option for those who follow a diet of slimming, or obviously for those suffering from diabetes.

The advantages of maltitol

There are a number of benefits and advantages offered by the use of maltitol to sweeten certain products and foods. For example, replacing white sugar with maltitol helps prevent  fatty liver  when it is caused by too much sugar. This is what happens with non-alcoholic fatty liver, which is the one that appears without having consumed alcohol.

In addition, it  is safely used in people with diabetes because its glycemic response is lower, so it tends to raise blood glucose levels more slowly.

On the other hand not being metabolized by the bacteria present in our mouth, it  does not promote the appearance of cavities , and may even help reduce its risk.

Where to find it and how?

If you are interested in knowing which foods or foodstuffs maltitol may contain, the truth is that in fact  any sugar-free sweet or any sweet food for diabetics can contain it. While it is possible to use other sweeteners nowadays more popular and popular as could be the case of  stevia or  panela , it is quite likely that maltitol is mostly used.

But how can we find it in the labeling of these foods? In this case it is possible to find it in many different ways:

  • In the form of maltitol or maltitol syrup.
  • In additive form. If so, we can find the name E 965 i (maltitol), or as E 965 ii (maltitol syrup).

What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health

Maltitol Side Effects and Health Effects

Although in normal doses does not usually cause problems,  in high doses can present a laxative effect . For this reason it is usual to find us on food labeling if that food product contains maltitol. And in the United States, for example, it should be noted on the label that it is not advisable to consume more than 100 grams per day of maltitol.

However, the following are the main side effects of maltitol:

  • Diarrhea:  Because of its laxative effect, it is a sweetener whose consumption should always be moderate. Therefore, the levels of maltitol with respect to their consumption will depend on the age of the person. Thus, it is not advisable for children to consume more than 15 grams a day, while in the adult diarrhea can appear from 50 grams per day (especially in some people). Other sources, such as the  European Journal of Clinical Nutrition , point out that diarrhea may occur as a result of daily consumption of 60-90 grams in adults.
  • Stomach pain:  Regular consumption of food with maltitol can cause abdominal and stomach pain.
  • Gases and flatulence:  Once we take maltitol it is hydrolyzed to glucose and sorbitol. If we take into account that glucose is easily absorbed, but part of the non-sorbitol, it is also common to cause gas and flatulence.

Therefore, as we see, their consumption must always be moderate, and we must avoid excessive consumption to avoid possible risks and unwanted side effects.

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Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News: What is maltitol, where to find it and effects on health
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