Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden - Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden | Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News

Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden

Generally it is not common for someone to suffer from an excess of potassium, since the daily needs of this mineral range from 3,000 to 4,0...

Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden

Generally it is not common for someone to suffer from an excess of potassium, since the daily needs of this mineral range from 3,000 to 4,000 mg, even tolerating a little more of this amount without hyperkalemia or hyperkalemia. However, having to undergo dialysis or suffer from various pathologies of the kidney, prevents the correct elimination of potassium, so it is possible for the specialist to provide a treatment that must be strictly followed and at the same time, a change in the usual diet for poor meals in potassium.

A balanced diet structured according to the needs of each person is important not only to help the treatment of the disease, but also to avoid the appearance of various side effects such as muscle contractions, an irregular heart rhythm or alterations in blood pressure. The following Green Health Tips article will detail a diet low in potassium – foods that are allowed and banned for those who have kidneys with difficulty filtering potassium properly.

Potassium in the body

Potassium is a mineral that in the body allows nerve impulses to be transmitted between the various muscles, so it plays a key role in contractions of the heart muscle , it is also involved in:

  • The growth of the bones
  • In the balance of liquids
  • The regulation of blood pressure
  • The production of insulin and proteins, among other functions.

It is for this reason that it is indispensable that the levels of this nutrient in the body are always in correct condition , as both the deficit and the excess can be harmful to health.

It is possible that blood potassium levels increase, which is usually caused by some type of kidney failure or kidney disorders, so it is necessary to reduce the intake of this mineral considerably in such cases.

What is a low potassium diet?

A diet low in potassium should provide about 2,000 mg of this mineral per day . A lot of foods are rich in potassium, so there are various points that can help improve the diet.

There are different techniques to decrease the potassium content of various foods and can be performed very simply. This is very useful in potatoes and vegetables as they are rich in potassium, but with a proper treatment that a specialist should detail, they can be consumed perfectly.

On the other hand the diet low in potassium must be constituted by foods with low content of the same. For example, those fruits, cereals and vegetables that offer less than 200 mg of potassium per 100 grams of product.

Finally, in this type of diet should be eliminated completely foods rich in sodium and potassium, ie those that provide more than 200 mg of the mineral per 100 grams or per serving. Making these changes in diet can stop the progression of kidney disease and regulate blood potassium.

Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden

Foods low in potassium

The following are the foods with the lowest amount of potassium . However, these foods are advised to be pre-cooked , whether cooked, roasted or steamed, since in this way the proportion of the mineral can be reduced a little more. For a diet low in potassium it is recommended:

Vegetables

  • Peppers : raw give approximately 90 mg of potassium per 100 grams of food. Crude green peppers bring a little more of this amount.
  • Onions : Crude offer 119 mg per 100 grams.
  • Pepin or: raw and shelled, 136 mg per 100 grams.
  • Green lettuce : raw provides 194 mg per 100 grams.
  • Chayote : cooked adds 175 mg per 100 grams.
  • Eggplant : Boiled has 119 mg in every 100 grams.

Vegetables

  • Soy milk : provides 65 mg per 100 grams.
  • Chickpeas : canned offer 106 mg in 100 grams.
  • Beans : canned, 120 mg per 100 grams.

Fruits

  • Blueberries : Crudes give 75 mg per 100 grams.
  • Apple : Golden variety, raw and shelled, approximately 107 mg / 100 grams.
  • Grapefruit : raw, 143 mg / 100 grams.
  • Strawberries : raw, 151 mg / 100 grams.
  • Oranges : Raw offer 166 mg / 100 grams.

Cereals

  • White rice : cooked, 26 mg / 100 grams.
  • Couscous : cooked, 58 mg / 100 grams.
  • Quinoa : Cooked, 170 mg / 100 grams.

Animal origin

  • Goat’s milk : approximately 20 to 40 mg / 100 grams.
  • Cheese : usually ranges from 70 to 190 mg / 100 grams. Parmesan cheese contains more.
  • Processed milk : provides between 150 to 170 mg per 100 grams.
  • Yogurt : 150 to 180 mg / 100 grams.

Low Potassium Diet: Forbidden Foods

On the other hand there are a number of foods that you should not eat because of their high potassium content. Here we explain what they are:

  • Vegetables : you should avoid or control their consumption in vegetables rich in potassium, including sweet potatoes, broccoli, potatoes and Brussels sprouts.
  • Dried fruits and seeds : they are the foods with greater potassium per 100 grams, reason why they are prohibited in the diet. For example, almonds offer 730 mg / 100 grams, sunflower seeds 850 mg / 100 grams and those of milk thistle up to 2130 mg / 100 grams.
  • Fruits : Most of these are banned because of their high content of potassium, especially bananas, kiwi, dried figs and dried fruits like prunes and dates.
  • Meats : any type of meat offers more than 200 mg of potassium per 100 grams of food. The highest amounts are for shellfish and blue fish, above 500 mg / 100 grams, while the lowest are white fish, rabbit and poultry, between 200 and 350 mg / 100 grams. Although these values ​​can be reduced by up to 50% if the meat is boiled, it is preferable not to eat or do so under limited circumstances.
  • Processed beverages : including rehydrating, non-alcoholic beer, fruit juices and green tea.

Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden

This article is for information only, in Green Health Tips we have no power to prescribe medical treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you would like to read more articles similar to Low Potassium Diet – Foods Allowed and Forbidden , we recommend you to enter our Food Category.

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