Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects - Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects | Green Health Tips - Health & Fitness News

Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects

Professionals who recommend parents take children to play outside, to walk outdoors and to enjoy some of the sun. This is because the body ...

Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects

Professionals who recommend parents take children to play outside, to walk outdoors and to enjoy some of the sun. This is because the body of the baby produces vitamin D with sunlight, so it is recommended to follow the professional’s instructions so that the child has optimal levels of this nutrient; however, it is essential that the child’s exposure to the sun be careful and controlled, so it is important to consult with a pediatrician to know the best way to do it.

There are many young children who suffer from vitamin D deficiency, so many professionals recommend supplementation of vitamin D up to 12 months of age. While it is essential to follow a professional’s instructions for this, in the following article of Green Health Tips we offer you plenty of information on vitamin D supplement for babies: doses and side effects .

Function of vitamin D in infants

The main function of vitamin D in the body is its intervention in the formation and development of bone structures . It participates in the production and maturation of bone stem cells, is essential for the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the foods that are ingested and also maintains the balance of these minerals in the blood, regulating the proportion necessary for bone ; the excess sends it to the kidneys to be discarded with urine.

These processes are essential so that the formation and mineralization of bones and cartilage are adequate, with the bone density necessary for the development of the skeleton and give the support that the body requires. For this reason, it is recommended that in the first years of life vitamin D supplements are administered to babies , so that the bones finish developing properly, for example, in the closure and strengthening of the head, an area that is sometimes called fontanelle or mollera.

In addition, another role of vitamin D is that it is involved in the production and regulation of immune system cells, insulin and cell growth. In these cases it acts as if it were a hormone, so it is sometimes considered a prohormone or hormone precursor.

Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects

Dose of vitamin D supplement for infants

Regardless of diet or habits, it is recommended to give vitamin D supplements to all babies, either in their liquid form or pill, at least until the first 6 months of life , but ideally until the first year . After this time, you can go to the doctor to indicate if it is necessary to continue giving the supplement to the infant or if a balanced diet is sufficient.

The recommended dose of vitamin D for infants in supplement is 400 IU daily , which is started on the days of the baby’s birth. When the infant is fed exclusively with breast milk, this dose of vitamin D must be maintained until the child is no longer breastfed and is taking at least 1 liter of whole milk a day, approximately after 12 months of life.

In contrast, if the infant consumes only formula milk for infants, it is important to read the nutrient table, as some products are supplemented with 400 IU of vitamin D, so it is not necessary to administer the supplement only if the baby consumes at least 1 liter of said milk daily. Either way, your pediatrician will give you recommendations that fit your condition.

Vitamin D supplement for babies: dosage and side effects

Consequences of vitamin D deficiency in children

The main consequence of not giving vitamin D to the baby in the right dose is rickets . It is a disease characterized by skeletal malformations because of the poor absorption of calcium and phosphorus in bones and cartilage, ie there is loss of bone density , which causes weak and soft structures, affecting mainly the skull, legs and ribs. Also, such deficiency of vitamin D can produce in infants seizures, shortness of breath, bone pain and muscle weakness.

In addition, it is thought that low levels of vitamin D are related and may contribute to the development of certain pathologies, which include diabetes, cancer, obesity, high blood pressure, autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and even mental disorders such as depression.

Adverse Reactions to Vitamin D Supplementation in Infants

Although vitamin D supplementation as such does not generate any side effects, if it is administered more than the recommended dose or for some reason accumulates and there is an increase of vitamin D in the body of the baby it could cause some adverse symptoms. However, this is not very common , since the body tolerates up to a maximum vitamin D level of 1000 IU in children under 6 months and 1500 IU for infants 6 to 12 months of life.

When these cases occur, the baby may have symptoms of an adverse reaction to vitamin D supplements such as:

  • To be thirsty
  • Unwilling to eat
  • Present vomiting
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Itchy skin
  • Irritated eyes
  • Frequent urination
  • Weightloss
  • Tiredness and irritability

On the other hand a very high concentration of vitamin D by supplements leads to complications such as hypercalcemia, that is, the calcium level has increased too much in the bodyand this excess in turn can cause renal calculi, loss of bone mass and accumulation of calcium in blood vessels or organs such as the heart and kidneys.

This article is for information only, in Green Health Tips we have no power to prescribe medical treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

If you would like to read more articles similar to Vitamin D supplement for babies: dose and side effects , we recommend you to enter our Food category.

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